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What Is Dedicated Server Hosting?
For many businesses, dedicated servers are essential. A dedicated server is essentially a rented computer that is available to one customer alone. That makes dedicated servers an expensive solution, but it also gives professionals the capacity they need to run resource-intensive applications, or host websites that have to cope with huge traffic spikes.
When you select this kind of hosting, you get, as the name suggests, a dedicated server all to yourself. No other website lives on that server but yours. All the server's storage space and speed are there for the benefit of your site alone. No one to compete with for page load speed. No one to compete with for uptime. And you get to choose your operating system.
Shared hosting is normally the cheapest hosting available from a web hosting company. Once a site outgrows the shared environment, it can be upgraded onto a more flexible plan with higher capacity: normally a Virtual Private Server (VPS).
The trouble with a VPS is that it's still based on sharing. In terms of its virtual existence, it's isolated, but it still shares a single physical server with a clutch of other VPS clients. There are fewer risks of problems from over-utilisation, but the VPS instances are not entirely isolated. As a consequence, VPS customers only have partial control over the hosting environment, and they can still run into problems if a neighbour behaves badly.
A dedicated server is just that: dedicated to one customer. The entire box is theirs. This means acres of space, huge bandwidth limits and no sharing. More importantly, it means that the customer is free to tweak and customise the whole environment, including the server operating system. This is often the only way to host advanced scripts and applications.
When you rent a server, you also benefit from the infrastructure that's in place: fire and disaster protection, robust physical security at the data centre, and speedy network connections to the outside world.
You might wonder why anyone would buy a dedicated server when shared hosting offers "unlimited" resources. The fact is that "unlimited" is misleading. Shared hosting is aimed at personal or small business sites, and anything outside the norm will trigger alerts with your hosting company. Additionally, dedicated server customers can set their own rules, their own security policies and control every aspect of the software they run.
Dedicated servers are sold with fixed resources. Some hosts offer dizzying arrays of options, allowing you to choose the brand of server, operating system, RAM, disk space and software. Additionally, you can choose between managed and unmanaged; the latter is pretty risky unless you're a server administrator.
If the business outgrows its dedicated server, it can have the server upgraded or rent a second one.
Points to Remember
Buying hosting can be confusing, and it's tempting to buy the biggest and best. However, dedicated servers are not ideal for everyone because:
- They're expensive
- They can be difficult for non-technical people to set up
- You really need management, or an in-house technician, if you want to avoid catastrophe
- Dedicated servers don't give you the peace of mind that cloud hosting can offer (although some hosts do market hybrid dedicated plans
- Like all computers, they crash, and they're difficult to bring back online
Dedicated Server Benefits
There are many reasons why people expend the extra money and effort to have a dedicated server:
- You have your own server, which means you can do anything you want
- You can grow your site
- You can run chat servers and other applications that you can't run on cheap hosting plans
- Your sites and applications will load fast
- Your host will let you please yourself, within reason
- You're not going to be slowed down by other customers' bad coding
- Other customers can't complain if you hit a traffic spike
- You can lock your server down against attack
What About Cloud Hosting?
Shared hosting is certainly designed for small sites, and VPS hosting has its limitations. Cloud hosting is ideal for businesses that experience fluctuating traffic, since you generally only pay for what you use.
The drawback of cloud hosting is that you don't have total control, so security could be more of a concern. Cloud servers can also be more difficult to monitor.
If you're not sure that dedicated is the right option, take a look at a cloud or hybrid hosting plan.
Need more info on dedicated hosting, and how it compares to shared, VPS and cloud hosting? Not sure if you need managed or unmanaged services? Be sure to check out Chapter 2 about the "5 Types of Hosting" and Chapter 5 on "How a Web Server Works" from our Ultimate Guide to Web Hosting.
Dedicated Server Hosting Frequently Asked Questions
What is dedicated server hosting?
Dedicated hosting is a type of web hosting plan where you have control over an entire physical server. Typically, these are heavy-duty rack-mounted servers in very large data centers.
With other types of hosting, you share the server with other customers.
Does dedicated hosting mean I own the server?
No. Different hosting companies describe their contracts differently, but usually, it's a form of lease or rental agreement.
What kinds of server equipment can I get with dedicated server hosting?
Different hosts have different servers and different specifications. Some have a small number of packages, while others provide very long lists of different configurations.
Why would a business choose a dedicated server?
Dedicated servers offer the maximum processing power and resources, without using a cloud infrastructure. With a dedicated plan, you have the full resources of the physical server at your disposal, so you can run resource-intensive software. Most dedicated server plans allow you to create your own configurations, and install any software that you need.
What is server management?
Dedicated servers can be a significant security risk if they are not properly managed and secured. If you don't have an in-house technical expert to do this, it's a good idea to purchase a plan that includes management.
Do I need to check the data center credentials?
It's a good idea to check that the data center offers good all-round security and features. If the data center has an unreliable power supply, poor physical security, or a relatively slow connection to the internet, all these things can have negative impacts on the performance of your website and applications.
Does it matter where the data center is located?
Yes. It;s usually best to have the data center reasonably close to the people that will be visiting your site, or using your applications. At the very least, the data center should be on the same continent as your target audience.
Bear in mind that there may be legal implications (both positive and negative) when you place data on a server in another country.
What operating systems can I run on a dedicated server?
Mosts hosts offer a choice of Linux distributions on dedicated servers. You can also run Windows Server if you need it for certain types of applications (.NET, ASP, Silverlight), but this usually costs more, because the software licenses need to be paid for. With some hosting companies, you would have to handle purchasing and licensing yourself.
What software applications can I run on a dedicated server?
You should be able to install anything you like, because you have complete access to the server. If you have any special requirements, check with the host before you commit to a contract. Some hosts may prohibit some types of content, but there are niche hosting providers for these.
Are there any limitations on what I can do with a dedicated server?
Terms of Service for dedicated servers usually specifically prohibit illegal content. Remember: what's legal in your own country may not be legal in your host's country, so be careful. Many providers will object to sexual or graphic content, some types of political content, and material that violates copyright law.
You need to be especially mindful of the law if you are running a site that allows users to upload their own content to your server. For example, on a social media website, it's impossible to manually approve everything that users do.
Do I need to know about server administration in order to run a dedicated server?
No, but it helps, because you will be responsible for the server, the content, the data security, and all of the software. For example, you must keep scripts up to date, secure it properly, and ensure that it doesn't provide an open relay.
Many hosts won't help you if your server is wrongly configured. If they do step in, they'll probably bill you for it. So if you don't know how to manage the server, make sure you buy a fully managed package.
Do I have to monitor my server myself?
Yes, it's a good idea to use monitoring tools to keep track of the status of your server. If you have a managed or semi-managed plan, your host may monitor it for you.
Can I get the hosting company to manage my dedicated server?
Yes. Hosting management ranges from 'remote hands' support (which covers hardware and a few other tasks) to complete monitoring and management. You can also buy additional services, such as backup plans.
There is always a cost involved with management, so if a dedicated server looks particularly cheap, check that it comes with the support that you actually expect.
Are there any drawbacks to dedicated server hosting?
Dedicated servers are much more expensive than a VPS, and they present more of an administration burden. If you aren't totally sure that you need a dedicated server, it's probably wise to begin with a VPS, rather than signing up for a lengthy server lease agreement.
Is dedicated server hosting scalable?
A dedicated server provides much more storage and bandwidth than a traditional virtual private server, but there is still a physical limit on processing speed and storage. Once you hit those limits, you’ll need to upgrade your hardware in order to expand.
Some hosting providers will offer cloud or hybrid plans that allow you to increase resource on demand. These are not dedicated servers in the true sense, but offer a greater degree of flexibility.