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It might seem like all web hosting is the same. If that’s true, then you might as well just get the cheapest plan available. That would make things simple, wouldn’t it? Unfortunately, it just isn’t the case. Alternatively, if you’ve done any shopping around for web hosting, it might start to seem like there are just two different types of web hosting: cheap or expensive. This would make things easier, too — buy the expensive one if you can afford it, otherwise get the cheap one. But actually there are several different types of web hosting, at a wide variety of price points.
It seems confusing at first, but once you understand a few simple terms it should be easy to figure out what type of hosting plan you need.
Common Types of Web Hosting
Shared hosting is the most basic and most common form of web hosting. If you’re looking for cheap hosting, this is it. The price usually runs $5 or less per month.
But, as usual, you get what you pay for. The cheapest web hosting is not going to be the best web hosting.
Shared hosting is called “shared” because the way it works is that several different customers all share the same server. In fact, “several” could mean a hundred or more — shared hosting providers like to put as many customers together as they can because it reduces their expenses.
All the websites of all the customers that share the same server are all drawing from the same limited set of resources — computer memory, CPU processing time, bandwidth, and disk space. For low-traffic, non-critical sites, this isn’t really a problem. But if any of the sites on the server start to draw a lot of resources — either because of a traffic spike or some other cause like bad coding — it will negatively impact all the sites on the server. This could cause page load slow downs or even errors and downtime.
Shared hosting plans usually are advertised with several “unlimited” features: unlimited bandwidth, unlimited websites, unlimited storage. It’s important to realize that “unlimited” usually isn’t unlimited in actuality. Shared hosting providers almost always reserve the right to throttle website traffic or require a plan upgrade if a customer exceeds certain “soft limits,” which are only known internally. Additionally, certain types of hosting activity (streaming video, file sharing) is usually prohibited by the Terms of Service.
Shared web hosting is great for personal blogs, community groups, and small non-tech businesses. They work very well if you do routine things with them (like running a basic WordPress blog) and don’t get to much traffic (between 1000 and 2000 on a really good day).
For anything larger or mission-critical, other hosting options should be considered.
VPS — Virtual Private Server
VPS plans are the work horse of the web hosting world. If you’re not sure what you’re going to need, VPS plans are usually a good idea. They are flexible, scalable, and decently priced.
A VPS is a virtual machine — a computer that exists as software on another computer. Hosting companies group large pools of servers together into giant “super” computers called clusters. Then they run virtual machines on top of that cluster, which you can get access to as a customer. Unlike with shared hosting, you are the administrator of the machine and there are no other customers on it.
This gives you more access to computing power and server resources than a shared hosting plan. (Even though the hardware is shared, it is provisioned differently, so VPS works out better for users.)
In addition to the increase in power, VPS plans give you more direct control over the server. You are the administrator and can usually do anything you want on it, including installing new software.
VPS plans are a good choice for most enterprise software needs, including ecommerce, web development, and office productivity.
A dedicated server plan is a hosting plan that actually provides you with a real, physical server — not a virtual one. You could actually go to the data center and touch it if you wanted to.
Dedicated servers have some limitations as compared with Virtual Private Servers. The biggest issue is that the a dedicated server plan is ultimately limited by its physical reality. There is only so much disk space, so much memory. Unlike with VPS on a cluster, there’s no way to easily add more power to a dedicated server without upgrading the actual hardware.
For most businesses, a VPS is going to be a better choice than a Dedicated server. The major exception to that is any business that needs to keep tight control over its data and software, especially for regulatory purposes. Financial services institutions and medical service providers may need dedicated servers in order to safeguard their client’s information.
Cloud is a marketing buzzword that means something and also doesn’t mean anything.
What it actually refers to is when a large group of computers are tied together to form a large pool of computing resources, like a cluster.
Most VPS plans are actually sitting on top of just this type of “cloud,” as are most shared hosting plans. It is the most sensible way to build server infrastructure for a web hosting company, so it is what most of them do.
Therefore, “cloud” being used in web hosting marketing material is usually meaningless — it refers to something all of them are doing anyway.
Other types of web hosting
Managed Hosting and Unmanaged Hosting
Managed hosting is a service where the hosting company provides a high degree of service and support, usually in relationship to a specific application or platform. For example, there are a number of companies offering Managed WordPress Hosting.
Most web hosting plans are unmanaged.
Colocation isn’t exactly a form of web hosting, it is a form of space rental. A colocation center is a datacenter that provides space, power, and internet connection so that customers can house their own server equipment. Colocation centers usually provide security, climate control, and fast internet.
Reseller hosting plans are plans that allow you to purchase a large amount of computing power ahead of time, and then resell hosting plans to other people.